The history of my family
Joseph PARKES
Chelsea Pensioner of Hanley, Staffordshire
Ancestors
Show generations
- +
Placeholder PARKES
~1567 - ~1617
(D) Sampson PARKES
~1626 - 1684
Husbandman of Waterfall, Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire
 
(D2) Sampson PARKES
~1648 - bur.1746
Husbandman of Mayfield, Ashbourne, Staffordshire
 
Ann [PARKES]
~1626 - ~1726
Sampson PARKES
~1717 - ~1780
 
Elizabeth PARKS
~1681 - bur.1738
of Cauldon, Waterfall, Staffordshire
John PARKES
bap.1755 - 1836
of Cauldon, Waterfall, Staffordshire
 
Ann GOLD
~1707 - ~1782
Joseph PARKES
1791 - 1854
Chelsea Pensioner of Hanley, Staffordshire
 
Sarah CARR
~1763 - ~1829
Spouses and Descendants
Generations
- +
Joseph PARKES
1791 - 1854
Chelsea Pensioner of Hanley, Staffordshire
  m. Charlotte LEES (~1797 - ~1858)
 
Eliza PARKES
1817 - ~1879
of Hanley, Staffordshire
Jane PARKES
1821 - ~1871
of Hanley, Staffordshire
Emma PARKES
1822 - ~1882
Potter of Hanley, Staffordshire
  m. Isaac WESTON (~1809 - ~1884)
 
John PARKES
1825 - ~1883
Potter of Hanley, Staffordshire
Edny PARKES
1833 - ~1887
of Hanley, Staffordshire
Joseph PARKES
1836 - ~1893
of Hanley, Staffordshire
Eliza PARKES
1838 - ~1889
of Hanley, Staffordshire
George PARKES
1840 - ~1890
of Hanley, Staffordshire
Narrative and Notes

Private Joseph PARKS, a potter by trade, enlisted in the 38th (1st Staffordshire) Regiment of Infantry in January 1807 and served for 8 years before being shot at the Battle of Bayonne.

He active service would have broadly encompassed the whole of the Peninsula War. He is unlikely to have been involved in the capture of Montevideo (Uruguay) and the attack on Buenos Aires in late 1807 in which his regimented were involved.

Joseph may have first seen action in the Peninsula War at the Battle of Rolica and the Battle of Vimeiro in August 1808 and the retreat to Corunna in June 1809. The 1st Battalion also saw action in the Walcheren Campaign in autumn 1809 during which many Allied soldiers contracted fatal 'Walcheren Fever'. The regiment returned to Spain in 1812 and took part in the Battle of Salamanca in July 1812, the siege of Burgos in September 1812, the Battle of Vitoria in June 1813 and the siege of San Sebastian in September 1813, before pursuing the French Army into France where they fought in the Battle of Nivelle in November 1813, the Battle of the Nive in December 1813 and the Battle of Orthez in February 1814. During many of these engagements Joseph would have been fighting alongside John GARNER of the 1st Foot Guards (and my 4x Great Grandfather). For example at the Battle of Vitoria both the 3rd/1st and 1st/38th were in the same Brigade under Major General Hay, but they both marched across Spain and into France as part of the same army. The final engagement of the Peninsula campaign was the Battle of Bayonne.

The Battle of Bayonne was the last major engagement of the Peninsula War, after the Allied forces had finally evicted the French from Spain. Tragically, this battle was initiated by a completely unnecessary attack from a besieged French force, whose commander, General Pierre Thouvenot, had already received official news of Napoleon's abdication, yet petulantly decided - against all logic - to attack the Allied forces under the Duke of Wellington. Despite him knowing that the war was already lost, his action caused more than 1,700 pointless casualties, half of them French.

The French attacked at night and made good progress eliminating the piqcuets of 3rd Foot Guards and Coldstream Regiment. The French advance was halted by a heroic defence of a house in St Etienne by Captain Forster and a handful of men from the 38th Regiment. The French were unable to dislodge Forster and the 38th and the attack stalled. Allied reinforcements counter-attacked and the French retreated to their citadel. It is entirely possible that Joseph was in that house in St Etienne and received his wound during its defence.

His wound was sufficiently bad to lead to the amputation of his left arm at the shoulder. Soon after, he was posted to the Isle of Wight for assessment, and then to the York Depot from where he was officially discharged from the Regiment in January the following year.1

Joseph became a Chelsea Pensioner, but only accrued pensionable service up until 10 days after the Battle of Bayonne; presumably the time it took to evacuate him to the Isle of Wight.

After returning to Hanley, he married Charlotte LEES, the daughter of a brickmaker. Only two of their children's baptisms can be found: Jane in 1821 and John in 1825 who were baptized at the non-conformist Bethesda Chapel in Hanley. We know that there other children from the 1841 census, although a large gap in births between 1825 and 1833 suggests that Charlotte had died. There is no record of Joseph remarrying, so the paternity of the younger children is not known.

In 1841 Joseph was living in Hanley and described as a labourer. Charlotte was not with Joseph, but there were 7 younger members of the family. At first glance there would all appear to be his children, however without baptismal records that can't be confirmed. The eldest Eliza, aged 24, would have been born around, or shortly after, Joseph's wedding to Charlotte.

In 1842, Joseph's daughter Emma married Isaac WESTON. At this time Joseph was described as an engineer, that is, he likely operated a steam engine.

In 1851, Joseph was living with his son Joseph on Upper High Street, Hanley. He was described as a Chelsea Pensioner, while his son was a potter.

Joseph died in 1854. His age was given as 66, which was consistent with his age always being reported as being 3 years older than his true age; perhaps, initially, to conceal the fact that he was only 15 years old when he enlisted and, later, to avoid complications with his pension which would have been reduced by three years service (as minors should not have accrued pensionable service) or might even have been stopped completely.

Timeline
Personal Family World
Date
Age*
Event
Place
9 Jun 1787
-4
Burial of sister Sarah PARKES 
2
Stafford, Staffordshire
19 Jul 1791
0
Birth 
3
Hanley, Staffordshire
24 Jul 1791
0
Baptism 
4
St John, Hanley, , Staffordshire, England
frm 17 Jan 1807 to 24 May 1814
15
Occupation: Private - 1st Battn 38th Regiment of Infantry 
 
14 Apr 1814
22
Military Engagement 
 

Joseph was hit in the shoulder by a gunshot and later had his 'left shoulder' amputated.

 
Bayonne, Basque, France
7 Nov 1814
23
Marriage of brother Thomas PARKES and Mira ASTBURY 
5
Bagnall, Staffordshire
16 Jan 1815
23
Marriage of brother John PARKES and Susannah TAYLOR 
6
Norton In The Moors, Staffordshire
4 Nov 1816
25
Marriage to wife Charlotte LEES 
7
Bagnall, Staffordshire
c. 1817
26
Birth of daughter Eliza PARKES 
 
17 Jan 1821
29
Birth of daughter Jane PARKES 
Hanley, Staffordshire
c. 1822
31
Birth of daughter Emma PARKES 
 
frm 1825 to 1841
34
Occupation: Labourer 
89
 
29 Aug 1825
34
Birth of son John PARKES 
10
Hanley, Staffordshire
c. 1833
42
Birth of daughter Edny PARKES 
 
Dec 1836
45
Death of father John PARKES 
Waterfall, Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire, England
c. 1836
45
Birth of son Joseph PARKES 
 
c. 1838
47
Birth of daughter Eliza PARKES 
 
c. 1840
49
Birth of son George PARKES 
 
7 Jun 1841
51
query Caution: Recorded age does not match calculated age (49).
Census 
11
Upper High Street, Hanley, , Staffordshire, England
1842
51
Occupation: Engineer 
12
Hanley, Staffordshire
26 Dec 1842
51
Marriage of daughter Emma PARKES and Isaac WESTON 
13
St Peter Ad Vincula, Stoke On Trent, Staffordshire, England
30 Mar 1851
62
query Caution: Recorded age does not match calculated age (59).
Census 
14
Chell Street, Hanley, Staffordshire
30 Mar 1851
62
query Caution: Recorded age does not match calculated age (59).
Occupation: Chelsea Pensioner 
15
Hanley, Staffordshire
Q1 1854
66
query Caution: Recorded age does not match calculated age (62).
Death 
16
Stoke on Trent R.D., Staffordshire
15 Jun 1854
62
Death of brother John PARKES 
17
High Street, Hanley, Staffordshire
Documented age, Calculated age, Estimated age
Citations
1 - Wo 97 - Chelsea Pensioners British Army Service Records 1760-1913
Citation imageCitation image

38

Joseph Parks

38 Foot

Earl Ludlow

---

Jos'h Parks

Aged 25

Service 8

an amputated left shoulder from would at Bayonne

Hanly

Stafford

Potter

-----------------------------

His Majestys 1st Battalion38th Regiment of Infantry whereof Lieut. general the right Honbl Earl Ludlow KB is Colonel

These are to certify that Joseph Parks (private) in Captain Wilkins company in the Regiment aforesaid born in the parish of Hanley in the county of Stafford having served in the said Regiment for the space of seven years and one hundred and twenty 7 days as likewise in other Corps according to the following statement, but inconsequence of an amputated left shoulder from gun shot Wd at Bayonne is considered unfit for further service, up abroad and is proposed to be discharged and has been ordered to the Army Depot in the Isle of Wight that his case may be finally determined on, having first received all just demands of pay, clothing etc from his entry into the said regiment, to the date of this discharge as appears by the receipt, on the back here of [except -X- and that he has no claim whatsoever upon the Regiment.

End to prevent any improper use being made of this discharge by its falling into other hands, the following is a description of the said Joseph Parks. He is about 25 years of age is 5 feet 5 inches in height coma brown hair, hazel eyes, fresh complexion, and by trade a Potter.

NB Any claims reserved for investigation at home to be here specified, if none, care must be taken that the blank is filled up with the following words viz, -X- and that he has no claim whatsoever upon the Regiment.

--- Statement of Service ---

38th Corps Period: 17th Jan'y 07 to 26 May 1814 Private: 7 years 127 days

Given under my hand and seal of the regiment at Camp near Bayonne this 24th day of May 1814.

I certify that the above mentioned Joseph Parks is unfit for further service.

In consequences of the above Joseph Parks is hereby discharged York Depot 13th day of January 1815.

[Multiple signatories]

-------------------------------------

Find Joseph parks do acknowledge that I have received all my clothing pay arrears of pay and all just demands whatsoever from the time of my enlisting in the regiment mentioned on the other side to this day of my Discharge

As witness my Hand is 18th day of December Joseph his X mark Parks

2-2-15

I do hereby certify that the cause which has rendered it necessary to Discharge the within mentioned Joseph Parks as stated on the opposite side has not arisen from Vice or misconduct and that he is not to my knowledge incapacitated by the sentence of a General Court Martial from receiving his pension

[signature] Commanding

This Regt being on foreign service the surgeons signature cannot be obtained}

NB When a soldier has lost an eye or a limb or has been wounded in the Service, the Discharge must particularly express the cause from whence proceeding as when where and how it took place should any mark remained in consequence it is to be noticed in the name description the surgeon or assistant surgeon in his absence will sign his name in the margin opposite the cause assigned or the discharge being granted which will be considered as the certificate of the man being unfit for further service and he will also countersign the commanding officers certificate above. The periods of service in the body of the discharge is to be filled up in words at length and not in figures. Service prior to the age of eighteen is not to be included in the statement.

2 - FamilySearch International Genealogical Index

Reprinted by permission. Copyright © 1999-2002 by Intellectual Reserve, Inc

Author: LDS. Publishing Info: © IGI This information has been reproduced with permission of LDS

First name(s) Sarah

Last name Parkes

Gender Female

Marital status -

Occupation -

Event year 1787

Birth year -

Age at death -

Burial year 1787

Burial date 09 Jun 1787

Burial place Stafford, England

Place -

County Staffordshire

Father's first name(s) John

Father's last name Parkes

Country England

Record set England Deaths & Burials 1538-1991

Category Birth, Marriage, Death & Parish Records

Subcategory Parish Burials

Collections from England, Great Britain

3 - Hanley Parish Records
Citation image
4 - Hanley Parish Records
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5 - Bucknall Parish Records
Citation image
6 - Norton Le Moors Parish Records
Citation image

John Parks of this Parish and Susannah Taylor of this Parish were married in this Church by Banns with Consent of - this sxteenth Day of January in the Year One thousand eight hundred and fifteen By me [? ?] Curate

This Marriage was solemnized between us

Jno Parks X his mark

Susanh X Taylor's mark

In the Presence of

Wm Steele

David Taylor

7 - Bucknall Parish Records
Citation image

Joseph Parks of this Parish

and Charlotte Lees of this Parish

were married in this Chapel by Banns

this fourth Day of November in the Year One thousand eight hundred and sixteen

By me John Smith Curate

This Marriage was solemnized between us

    The Mark X of Joseph Park

    The Mark X of Charlotte Lees

In the Presence of

    The Mark x of Thos Colclough

    The Marl X of Catherine Bolton

8 - UK 1841 Census - 7th June 1841

Note: Ages of adults were often rounded down to nearest 5 years. For example, a recorded age of 25 implies an age of between 25 and 29.

Citation image
9 - Shelton, Albion Street, Bethesda Chapel (Methodist New Connexion)
Citation image

John Parkes - Aug th'29 1825 - Nov 6.1825 - 2d child Of Joseph Parkes Labourer Hanley by his wife Charlotte the dau'r of John Lees Brickmaker as aforesaid

10 - Shelton, Albion Street, Bethesda Chapel (Methodist New Connexion)
Citation image

John Parkes - Aug th'29 1825 - Nov 6.1825 - 2d child Of Joseph Parkes Labourer Hanley by his wife Charlotte the dau'r of John Lees Brickmaker as aforesaid

11 - UK 1841 Census - 7th June 1841

Note: Ages of adults were often rounded down to nearest 5 years. For example, a recorded age of 25 implies an age of between 25 and 29.

Citation image
12 - Stoke on Trent, St Peter Ad Vincula, Parish Records
Citation image

1842 Marriage solemnized at St Peters in the parish of Stoke upon Trent in the County of Stafford

No

When Married

Name and Surname

Age

Condition

Rank or Profession

Residence at the Time of Marriage

Father's Name and Surname

Rank or Profession of Father

44

Dec 26

Isaac Weston

Emma Parkes

Both of full age

Bachelor

Spinster

Overman

Hanley

Hanley

Richard Weston

Joseph Parkes

Collier

Engineer

Married in the Parish Church according to the Rites and Ceremonies of the Established Church after Banns by me John Noble

This Marriage was solemnized between us {

    Isaac Weston's X mark

    Emma Parkes's + mark

in the Presence of us, {

    John Astbury's + mark

    Dinah Westen's + mark

13 - Stoke on Trent, St Peter Ad Vincula, Parish Records
Citation image

1842 Marriage solemnized at St Peters in the parish of Stoke upon Trent in the County of Stafford

No

When Married

Name and Surname

Age

Condition

Rank or Profession

Residence at the Time of Marriage

Father's Name and Surname

Rank or Profession of Father

44

Dec 26

Isaac Weston

Emma Parkes

Both of full age

Bachelor

Spinster

Overman

Hanley

Hanley

Richard Weston

Joseph Parkes

Collier

Engineer

Married in the Parish Church according to the Rites and Ceremonies of the Established Church after Banns by me John Noble

This Marriage was solemnized between us {

    Isaac Weston's X mark

    Emma Parkes's + mark

in the Presence of us, {

    John Astbury's + mark

    Dinah Westen's + mark

14 - UK 1851 Census - 30th March 1851
Citation image
15 - UK 1851 Census - 30th March 1851
Citation image
16 - England & Wales, Death Registration Index 1837-2007 and United Kingdom Deaths 2007-2017

PARKS, JOSEPH 66 |

GRO Reference: 1854 M Quarter in STOKE-UPON-TRENT Volume 06B Page 102

17 - UK General Registry Office Death Certificate
Citation image

Superintendent Registrar's District Stoke Upon Trent

Registrar's District Hanley

1854 DEATHS in the District of Hanley in the County of Stafford

219 - Fifteenth June 1854 Hanley - John Parkes - Male - 60 years - Potter - By the visitation of God - W Harding Coroner Burslem - Thirtieth September 1854 - William Palmer Registrar